Code of Conduct on Sports Betting for Athletes

The guiding principles:

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Know the rules – your career might depend on it

You need to make sure you know the rules on sports betting. They might change from one season to another. If you don’t understand then ask « your player association » to explain.
Being charged with a betting offense can ruin your career and will harm your reputation forever.

Fixing any part of a game is a crime

It is just as serious to fix the smallest part of a match as it is to fix the world championship
If you fix once you will be forever trapped by the match fixers

You must report any suspicious approaches

A failure to report approaches is an offense that can lead to long bans.
Match fixers will try to trap you slowly through gifts and favors, be careful with your sporting environment and entourage.

You must not gamble on your own sport

And you must not ask anyone else to bet for you
Betting companies and national betting regulators have sophisticated monitoring systems to catch cheats. If you place a bet you will appear on their radar/system.
Your phone and computer can be taped by the police and may be used as evidence

Sensitive information should stay within your team.

It’s an offense to pass on your knowledge to people who might use it for gambling

General Advice

Some further important advice:

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Your family and friends’ betting behaviours or relations with unscrupulous individuals could create serious problems for you.

If your partner, family or friends are betting on you or events where you have access to inside information this will be traced back to you and will raise suspicions which could lead to you being banned from your sport.


Do not to fall into debt to anyone or allow people to develop a hold over you through any addictions or illegal behaviour. This could trigger unscrupulous individuals to target you to fix competitions either in return for money or even by blackmail.

Never wager more than you can afford to lose. If you feel gambling is becoming a problem or you need support or advice then ask your player association for help. European regulated betting sites will also have details of a confidential helpline number that will help you make contact with independent specialists who are trained to help with these problems.

If you find yourself starting to have problems then it is always better to ask for help before things become too serious. Your player association is there to help you. 


Underage betting is illegal. If you are under 18 (or 21 depending on jurisdiction) do not access a sports betting website or enter a land-based betting establishment (or ask anyone else to do it for you in order to place a bet).

It looks suspicious if you use illegal or unregulated betting websites and it can create all sorts of problems.  If you do gamble, only do so with reputable operators who are licensed in Europe. 


If you ever feel that something is not quite right then trust your instinct and speak to your player association in the first instance. And keep a record of this.

If you have any queries on sports betting issues then it is always better to ask for advice than risk falling foul of the laws. Your player association is there to help.


Remote betting operators (that is a betting service provided via the internet, mobile phone or interactive television) use sophisticated security measures that mean that all suspicious bets, and the identity of those placing those bets, can be traced and reported to sports federations or national authorities.  

ESSA monitors any irregular betting patterns to provide an immediate early warning to sports and bookmakers. Modern information technology allows regulated European betting operators to record and trace your bets for fraud prevention purposes.

Land-based betting establishments also have serious security measures and are linked in to betting companies’ central integrity operations.

INTERPOL is also taking an active interest in match fixing which means that the police will cooperate across international borders.